Is fiber optic cable expected to replace copper wire soonest.

Today, the increasing ability to transmit more information over longer distances more quickly has expanded the boundaries of our technological development in many areas such as data networks, wireless and satellite communications, cable operators, and broadcastersSince their invention in the 1970s, fiber optics have greatly changed the way wires and wire-dependent industries work. Fiber Optics, also called optical fibers is made up of single or multiple strands of glass, covered in a protective sheath. It works by transmitting pulses of light rather than electrical pulses.They’re designed for long distance, very high-performance data networking, and telecommunications. fiber optic cables provide higher bandwidth and can transmit data over longer distances. Fiber optic cables support much of the world’s internet, cable television, and telephone system. furthermore, their use however spans a wide array of applications, including cable television, educational institutions, electrical utility plants, industrial companies, medical technologies, and military operations.

Even though the fiber optic system is similar they are divided into 2 types namely Single-mode and multi-mode are the two types of optical fibers. The single-mode, used for long distances, has small cores and transmits infrared laser light. The multi-mode, normally used for short distances, has large cores and transmits infrared light.

However, Fiber has been used in local area networking (LAN) and internet connectivity for decades, and it’s an integral part of our global network. Despite this, fiber hadn’t gained a lot of traction for wide-area networking (WAN) until recently more commercial and institutional users are finally understanding that a centralized-fiber LAN with all network electronics placed in one location can save considerable costs compared to other systemsThe main benefit of fiber to the home is providing faster connection speeds and higher carrying capacity than twisted pair conductors, coaxial cable, or digital subscriber line (DSL).

Operators Momentum in the communications industry have either upgraded their networks to fiber optic cables thereby resulting in a largely replaced of copper wire as the primary means of signal transmission. Fiber to the home (FTTH) is the delivery of a communications signal over optical fiber from the operator’s switching equipment all the way to a home or business, thereby replacing existing copper infrastructure such as telephone wires and coaxial cable. FTTH installation is also driven by several factors. These include new technology, lower installation costs, a desire to offer new revenue-enhancing services such as digital television and, perhaps most importantly, an urgent need to change the public perception that landlines are obsolete, replaced by cell phones, Wi-Fi and cable modems. fiber installations are  faster and more reliable, it has more bandwidth, it requires much less signal regeneration, it is more resistant to interference, and it’s easier to maintain.

5G will radically improve the bandwidth, capacity and reliability of mobile broadband, much more than in previous generational shifts. 5G will be  the fifth generation of mobile networks and wireless systems, is the next big leap in wireless communications. 5G networks promise to connect people and things through intelligent networks and applications, all generating an immense amount of data. is already setting the standard for networks beyond 4G, and likely to become widespread in about 2020. Although 5G may have an impact on the rollout of FTTH – as providers transmit broadband directly into premises via wireless rather than fiber – 5G areas will still require a lot of installed fiber  in order to be successful. Optical fiber is the preferred medium for existing wireless backhaul networks, and even in networks where this is not the case, the wireless backhaul eventually needs to connect into a fiber backhaul. Fiber will also be preferred for what is known as “fronthaul,” connecting the dense mesh of 5G small cells. many operators will adopt this increased speeds with lower attenuation, immunity to electromagnetic interference, small size, and virtually unlimited bandwidth potential are among the many reasons why fiber is the right choice.